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Skin Problems

Dermatology

Dark Dots - A Question Mark!

Skin Problems


Blackheads or "open comedones" are clogged pores where the mixture of sebum (fat), debris and cells has oxidised in contact with air and can look like small dirt stains on the skin.

They can form mainly on the T-zone of the face, but can also appear on other areas of the body such as the back, chest or armpits.


How to identify a dark spot?

Blackheads can be identified on the skin due to their dark colour. Despite a slight elevation, they do not cause pain like pimples which cause inflammation and redness.

Blackheads can progress to an inflammatory stage and form a red, painful acne lesion and become infected or scarred if they are handled too much.

How to prevent blackheads
How to prevent blackheads


How to prevent blackheads?

  • Wash your face twice a day, on waking and before going to bed, to remove all skin oils
  • Cleanse and exfoliate ate least once a week
  • Use oil-free products and oil-make-up
  • Use sunscreen, as it helps to reduce pores.
  • Avoid removing blackheads with your hands

To eliminate blackheads
To eliminate blackheads


To eliminate blackheads?

To eliminate blackheads, use cosmetic products (lotions, creams, masks, serums) containing keratolytic active ingredients that will help unclog pores clogged by sebum and dead skin cells. 

Oily hair can also contribute to clogged pores. So, if you have oily hair, try to wash it every day and use appropriate products.

To remove blackheads
To remove blackheads


To remove blackheads:

  1. Be careful with your skin and avoid using gels and foams that contain alcohol because they dry out the skin.  Opt for a gentle exfoliating cleansing foam that regulates the production of sebum perfectly and prevents the skin from drying out.
  2. Tonify. Apply a tonic lotion with salicylic or glycolic acid in the formula.
  3. Moisturise. Skin prone to blackheads tends to become dehydrated, so you need to provide the necessary hydration. Drink plenty of fluids during the day, especially water, and apply moisturising cream.
  4. Gentle exfoliation. Use scrubs that do not dry out the skin too much.
  5. Face mask. Once a week, apply a mask with clay or activated charcoal against blackheadss.
  6. Protect your skin. If you use products containing AHA or BHA acids, don't leave home without applying SPF 50+ sunscreen to your skin. Acids weaken the natural skin barrier that serves as protection against UV rays and as a consequence, the skin is more prone to the appearance of pigmentation spots.

The ideal will be to follow a treatment to take care of your skin daily, for that seek the help of your pharmacist.

In more complicated cases you can consult a dermatologist who maý suggest removing the blackheads through skin cleansing or using laser treatment techniques.

Most frequent mistakes
Most frequent mistakes that make blackheads worse


Most frequent mistakes that make blackheads worse

  • Do not clean skin with make up 
  • Dirty linen
  • Change your skin care frequently
  • Don't shower after physical activity
  • Squeezing comedones/pimples


Sources
Notino
MSDManuals

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